Official Name: The Syrian Arab Republic
Sovereign Status: Sovereign Country
Government Type: Presidential Republic
Official Name (Local Language): Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah
ISO Country Codes: SY : SYR
Internet Domain: .sy
Government Web Site:
Capital: Damascus Main Airports: Damascus International Airport
Language(s): Arabic Population: 21,563,800
Currency: Syrian Pound ISO Currency Code: SYP
Telephone Dial In: +963 ID Prefix: 00

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Government Website:
Central Bank:

Central Bank of Syria

Currency USD Exchange Rate: 514.6 Syrian pounds (SYP) per US dollar (2017 est.)
Unemployment Rate: 50% (2017 est.)
Population below poverty line: 82.5% (2014 est.)
Inflation Rate: 28.1% (2017 est.)
Prime Lending Rate: 14% (31-Dec-17 - Photius)
GDP: $50.28 billion (2015 est.)
GDP Pro Capita (PPP): $2,900 (2015 est.)
Currency Name: Syrian Pound
Currency Code: SYP
World Bank Classification: Low-Income Economy

GDP Composition:

Agriculture: 19.5% wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Industry: 19% petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, automobile assembly
Services: 61.5%

Source: Central Intelligence Agency Factbook

Financial Exchanges:
Stock & Securities Exchange: Damascus Securities Exchange ;

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Subject to Country Specific Sanctions? EU and OFAC

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Business Language(s): Arabic; English
Customs & Excise: Syrian Customs
Development Bank(s): Islamic Development Bank;
National Standards Bureau: Syrian Arab Organization for Standardization and Metrology
Competitive Ind’l Performance: N/A Corruption Perceptions Index: 178/180 (2022 Rank)
Ease of Doing Business: N/A Enabling Trade Index: N/A
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